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Non-metallic (ceramic) crowns
Have you ever wondered whether artificial crowns can look more beautiful and natural?
It was not easy to find material that is aesthetically acceptable on the one hand, and on the other hand it is still sufficiently resistant to withstand all the forces that develop in chewing. Zirconium dioxide and Lithium disilicate are materials that have made a true revolution in dentistry over the past few years. The basic characteristics of these materials are the reflection of light and transparency, which is very similar to a natural tooth. In addition, these materials are characterized by exceptional mechanical resistance that is at the level of previously used metal.
Metal-ceramic crowns and bridges
Crowns are made in cases where a natural tooth is damaged (due to caries, fractures, ie when the tooth can no longer be made), or for aesthetic reasons (unsatisfactory color, shape or slight deviation in the position of the tooth) . The tooth that is being built must be cut beforehand so that a crown can be placed on it. If most of the teeth are missing or reinforcement is desired, the cast is an upgraded cast. After grinding, a print of the remaining part of the teeth is taken, according to which the crown is made in the laboratory. It takes 3-5 days to create a crown or bridge. In the final phase, the crown is cemented on a brushed tooth and its tooth binding takes on a completely natural appearance.
Metal-ceramic bridges on the metal substructure apply a layer of ceramic that completely covers metal so that metal is not visible in the mouth. In this way, the durability provided by the metal is ensured, while at the same time an excellent aesthetic effect is achieved thanks to the ceramic on the surface. In addition to high durability and excellent aesthetics, these benefits are financially favorable and represent the most common choice of patients.
Prostheses (partial and total)
The prostheses are divided into total and partial. Total dentures are made in the case of total edema, while in patients who have preserved a small number of teeth, the solution is partial dentures. Partial dentures bind to the remaining teeth using hooks or atamen (buckles or drikers), where the partial prosthesis can be acrylic or skeletal (also known as the visil prosthesis). Partial acrylic denture is made entirely of acrylate material and binds to other teeth with wire hooks, and as such is less durable than skeleton. Therefore, it is used less often today, but its advantage is that it is more economically accessible.
Partial skeletal (visil) prosthesis is a better solution because, in addition to the higher endurance due to the metal skeleton, the patient also provides greater comfort due to the smaller surface of the prosthesis that rests on soft tissue (palate, sublingual area). In this way, the feeling of a foreign body in the mouth is reduced. Its advantage is also the binding to the natural residual teeth with more precisely made molded hooks which provides significantly better stability in the mouth. Instead of hooks, even better connections with adjacent teeth on skeletal prostheses can also be incorporated. Athletes firmly and steadily hold the prosthesis in the mouth, and are hidden in the part of the prosthesis that is not visible from the outside. In these situations, dedicated crowns must be made on the supporting teeth, which are connected with the prosthesis according to the key and lock principle.
All prostheses are made in a very short period of 3 to 7 days depending on the type of prosthesis.