Periodontitis is a disease that affects and disrupts all supporting tooth tissues (gums, cement, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone) leading to their grooming and dropping.
The main causative factor for the occurrence of periodontal disease is tooth plaque (soft deposits on the teeth in which colony bacteria by their enzymes and toxins damage the supporting tissues of the teeth), and genetic predisposition, some systemic diseases (diabetes) and smoking are very important. Local factors (from the oral cavity) that contribute to the occurrence and faster development of periodontitis are: solid dental deposits (stones and concrements), inadequately made fillings and prosthetic restraints, traumatic contacts, caries, food retention, irregularity of the structure of the supporting tissue.
Today, periodontopathy, in addition to caries, is the most common disease in humans, and certainly it also contributed to the diet of modern humans (use of mushroom, soft and non-abrasive foods). The statistics show that the incidence of periodontal disease is enormously large – about 95% of the population over 18 years of age have some form of periodontal disease.
Periodontopathy is characterized by the following symptoms and signs: bleeding and inflammation of the gums, presence of dental calculus and concavities, unpleasant breath, presence of periodontal pockets, pulling of the gums and bumping of the necks and teeth of the teeth, moving the teeth, and in the final phase, bending and dropping teeth. The course of the disease is most commonly slow with periods of deterioration and improvement, although it can also be rapid and lead to tooth loss for a short period of time. Localization can be limited to some teeth or all teeth.
Treatment of periodontal disease is complex and long-lasting. The success of treatment depends on the motivation of the patient and his willingness to cooperate. The precondition for successful treatment is to establish adequate oral hygiene, and this sometimes means drastically changing the hygienic habits of the patient (teeth washing technique, end use and mouthwash solution). The importance of oral hygiene is huge because it eliminates the main causative factor, which is the plaque. Without adequate oral hygiene there is no successful treatment for periodontal disease! The treatment plan depends on the severity of the condition on the tooth support device and includes the following therapeutic measures and procedures: treatment of complications, removal of soft and firm deposits, replacement of inadequate filling and prosthetics, restoration of the oral cavity, treatment of periodontal pockets, balancing the bite, the use of antibiotics general), and surgical interventions.