Orthodontics or forks orthopedics is a part of dentistry that deals with diagnosis and correction of an improper position of teeth and jaw in order to obtain the best aesthetic and functional results …. Orthodontic therapy is very important not only for the aesthetics of the teeth and the entire face, but primarily for proper chewing. The optimum relationship between teeth and jaws is precondition for easier maintenance of oral hygiene and preservation of teeth.
The aesthetic and functional anomalies of the tooth deal with the doctor-orthodontist, and the anomalies are corrected by various orthodontic apparatuses ….
Each patient is individual and requires detailed analysis and diagnosis of the anomaly, in order to make an adequate therapy plan ….
Orthodontic abnormalities may be hereditary and acquired.
Under the following irregularities we mean when a patient inherits big teeth “on dad” and a small fork “on mum”, (a teething disorder occurs), different jaw growth (one grows more than one), insufficient or excessive number of individual teeth …. congenital anomalies – racemes and other systemic diseases, such as hormonal disorders ….
The emergence of acquired irregularities is influenced by bad habits in early childhood such as thumb suction, mouth breathing, language printing, etc. … The premature loss of milk teeth or the subsequent loss of permanent teeth leads to the loss of space for the emergence of permanent teeth, and there are difficulties or even some teeth when they do not have anywhere to stay in the bones … .. This is a consequence of poor or no hygiene or untreated milk teeth … It is necessary that parents remove harmful habits from their child, as well as regular orthodontic irregularities in regular checkups of the dentist.
Orthodontic therapy begins in a completely sanitized mouth – all teeth have to be repaired.
Orthodontic therapy involves the use of mobile and fixed apparatus that gently force their teeth to the proper position. The choice and type of apparatus depends on the diagnosis and age of the patient.
Smile – the only curve that can correct many things