What are dental implants?
Dental implants are nowadays the best solution in the event of a lack of one or more teeth, including the lack of all teeth in the jaw. Implants are embedded in the bone and are considered artificial roots that will carry future dental crowns. Artificial tooth is a collective name for a screw that is placed in the bone, an abatment which is the connection between the crochet and the crown and the crown itself, which is the only visible part of the implant. The installation of dental implants today is a routine operation with over 96% success. Even with complete fussiness, this procedure is done quickly, in two phases with a three-month break, and with a temporary prosthesis that the patient receives in the meantime, so the implantological procedure alone does not affect the pace of life. As a solution for complete edema, fixed work with implants is one of two options, with the second option of the prosthesis attached to dental implants.
Artificial teeth for the whole jaw
The situation in the jaw when a patient has no teeth in one or both jaws, or when all existing teeth indicated for extraction is called total excluded. This condition is remedied by fixed dental work or prosthesis fixed to dental implants. Fixed, immobile dental implant work returns more than 90% of functionality and natural feeling compared to the time when patients have natural teeth, while the prosthesis is attached to locators, i.e. dental implants rehabilitate the patient about 60%. The number of dental implants required for fixed dental work is six to eight per jaw. In order for fixed dental work to withstand the load, it is necessary to install a number of artificial screws than in dental prostheses where part of the load is transferred from the prosthesis to soft tissues. In addition to the number of screws, the complexity, reliability and durability of fixed work is also influenced by the type of crowns, whose base can be metal or zirconium.
Prosthesis on implants
The tooth prosthesis attached to the locators implies the installation between two and four dental screws per jaw and the connection of the dental implant to the implanted dental implants. The key differences between prostheses on dental implants and fixed dental work are that the prosthesis is less comfortable, but on the other hand it is more cost-effective and can be removed, making maintenance easier. However, the prosthesis on locators is less comfortable, with a feeling that is not the same compared to natural teeth. An ideal number of dental implants for dental prosthesis on suckers is four on each jaw, but often there are dentures with three implants per jaw. The new tooth prosthesis is mostly made after a few months from the installation of titanium screws, and in the intermediate period an old dental prosthesis is worn. It is important to note that the dental prosthesis on the locators makes it easy to move from the prosthesis to fixed implant prosthetics.
Installation of artificial teeth
Although the technique of work, the necessary materials and the price of a tooth, the installation of an artificial tooth does not differ from implanting in the entire jaw, the installation of a small number of artificial teeth is an invaluable simpler procedure. Whether you want to replace only one tooth or more teeth, you can be sure that the procedure will be done quickly, you will be fully satisfied with the aesthetics and functionality, and that the embedded teeth will be fully compatible with all future prosthetic interventions. Implants will be the same shades as your other teeth, so they will not visually be recognized as implants, and they can be brighter if you plan to install more artificial teeth in the future. If you are installing a smaller number of artificial teeth, we recommend the use of the highest quality screws, abrasives and crowns, as there is no big cumulative price difference as when the whole fork is working.
Dentists and their patients often face the situation when after tooth loss in the lateral regions of the fork there is no longer sufficient bone to implant implants. Although other cases are possible, bone deficiency is most commonly expressed through enlargement of the sinus cavity, which is due to tooth loss. In this case, the implant can not be accessed because the dental implants implanted in such a bone would be penetrated into the sinus cavity, without the possibility of ending their end in the bone. However, this does not mean that it is not possible to implant implants in such a situation, but only to take certain steps to provide bone support for future implants.
Bone repair allows the installation of dental implants in patients whose jaw bone does not have sufficient height and / or thickness to support implants.
This type of bone supplements, or the addition of artificial bones, differs from the restoration of the bone around periodontopathic teeth during the operative lining of the surgery as a surgical procedure for the treatment of periodontal disease. For these purposes, the restoration of the bones of a limited curvature is carried out, which implies adding a little artificial bone around the tooth itself, in order to strengthen it and prolong the lifespan of the teeth.
Order of insertion of implants
After analyzing a 3D orthopane or a CBCT image, it is known whether there is enough toothy bone for implanting dental implants. After making a detailed plan of treatment, the patient receives all the necessary medications as a compulsory preparation for the surgical implant procedure itself, and the process of the installation of titanium screws can begin the next day. The surgical intervention of the tooth installation can last from half an hour for the installation of one titanium implant, up to several hours if more screws are installed. The next day, the patient comes to control and is spending the next four months waiting for the screws to grow up with bones. Before the creation, it is very important to define the color, shape and length of future dental crowns, and the patient is helped by showing images of different types and colors of crowns. It takes 7 to 14 days for making dental crowns. Finally, it definitely follows the tightening of the abatment into the dental implant and the cementing of future dental crowns.